Download A Comparative Lexical Study of Quranic Arabic (Handbook of by Martin Zammit PDF

By Martin Zammit

This paintings doesn't objective to be an etymological dictionary of Qur'anic Arabic, nor does it try to recommend a few new genetic class of the Semitic languages. relatively, it bargains insights into the inner lexical relationships attested in a few Semitic kinds inside of Qur'anic Arabic (seventh century AD). The paintings relies on a quantitative research of a considerable corpus of the Arabic lexicon so as to investigating lexical relationships inside a couple of Semitic languages. Qur'anic Arabic is the resource of a lexical mass comparability workout related to Akkadian, Ugaritic, Aramaic, Syriac, Hebrew, Phoenician, Epigraphic South Arabian and Ge'ez. additionally, the lexical hyperlinks pointed out during this research are in themselves linguistic symptoms of a few of the levels of cultural proximity characterising some of the Semitic languages.

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The impetus given to archaeological studies during the last century, coupled with the progress registered in Phoenician and Akkadian research as well as the discovery of Ugaritic during the first part of this century constituted a most welcome bonanza for Semitic studies in general and for comparative Semitic research in particular. " 18 Segert 1969a: 205. In the case of Arabic, Cohen, DRS, fasc. , remarks that ". . " 19 In 1748 Schultens published the Clavis dialectorum, a comparative lexicon in its own right.

18 Meanwhile, the prestige of Arabic in early comparative Semitic studies was greatly enhanced by Schultens' claims published in his Dissertatio theologico-philosophica de utilitate linguae arabicae in interpretanda sacra lingua (1706). 19 This emphasis on the prestige of Arabic dealt a significant blow to Hebrew which, till then, had been unchallenged in its primacy among the rest of the Semitic languages. The impetus given to archaeological studies during the last century, coupled with the progress registered in Phoenician and Akkadian research as well as the discovery of Ugaritic during the first part of this century constituted a most welcome bonanza for Semitic studies in general and for comparative Semitic research in particular.

51 52 56 Swadesh calculates the retention rate of his second list of 100 items at 86%. Regarding the above result, Cerulli 1961: 157 states that the results are, in them- PAST LEXICAL STUDIES 27 Reference has already been made to D. Cohen's lexicostatistical study. 60 192 items out of Swadesh's 200 word-list (96%), are cognates in the three varieties. 61 In general, the end-results are very similar to those reached by Blanc. 62 Cadora carries out a first analysis, based on the Swadesh list, with a view to establishing the extent of the non-contrastive compatibility of the varieties under consideration.

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