By Talat S. Halman, Jayne L. Warner
From Orhon inscriptions to Orhan Pamuk, the tale of Turkish literature from the 8th century a.d. to the current day is wealthy and intricate, packed with enterprise traditions and bold changes. Spanning a large geographic variety from Outer Mongolia and the environs of China during the center East the entire method to Europe, the historical past of Turkish literature embraces a large number of traditions and impacts. All have left their imprint at the specified amalgam that's uniquely Turkish.
Always receptive to the nurturing values, aesthetic tastes, and literary penchants of various civilizations, Turkish tradition succeeded in evolving a sui generis character. It clung to its personal validated characteristics, but it used to be versatile sufficient to welcome suggestions or even innovative change.
A Millennium of Turkish Literature tells the tale of the way literature advanced and grew in stature at the Turkish mainland over the process 1000 years. The e-book beneficial properties a variety of poems and extracts, so much in fluid translations through Halman. This quantity offers a concise, yet attractive, creation to Turkish literature and, with choices from its large additional studying part, serves as a useful advisor to Turkish literature for path adoption.
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Additional info for A Millennium of Turkish Literature: A Concise History
The 5. Katip Çelebi, The Balance of Truth, translated by Geoff rey Lewis (London: Allen and Unwin, 1957). 6. Joseph von Hammer-Purgstall’s Geschichte der osmanischen Dichtkunst, 4 vols. (Pest: C. A. Hartleben, 1836–38), is a massive compilation of the biographies of about 2,200 Turkish poets. This reference book is a German version of the typical tezkire. Ottoman Glories 33 glaring fact is that Ottoman literature from its beginnings until the second half of the nineteenth century functioned in a critical vacuum, aside from extravagant sycophantic praises or scathing satire that one finds—and immediately dismisses as worthless—in some poets’ work.
In Yunus Emre’s view, service to society is the ultimate moral ideal, and the individual can find his own highest good in working for the benefit 20 A Millennium of Turkish Literature of all. His exhortations call for decent treatment of deprived people—“To look askance at the lowly is the wrong way”—and for social interdependence and charity: Toil, earn, eat, and give others your wages. ——— Hand out to others what you earn, Do the poor people a good turn. He spoke out courageously against the oppression of underprivileged people by rulers, landowners, wealthy men, officials, and religious leaders: Kindness of the lords ran its course, Now each one goes straddling a horse, They eat the flesh of the paupers, All they drink is the poor men’s blood.
As a consequence, in addition to the massive output of lyric and mystic poetry, a great many didactic, theological, narrative, historical, and scholarly works were also written in verse. These works included chronicles of war and conquest, albums of festivities and weddings, books of counsel, and other types of writing. In the nineteenth century, versifiers even came up with a chemistry textbook in poetic form and Turkish–French, Turkish–Armenian, and Turkish–Greek dictionaries in meter and rhyme.