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By Brian Bocking

This dictionary is a complete word list and reference paintings with greater than one thousand entries on Shinto, starting from short definitions of jap phrases to brief essays facing facets of Shinto perform, ideals, and associations from early occasions to the current. Shinto regards itself because the old indigenous culture of Japan, but it has undergone awesome changes, even within the final century. The dictionary explains phrases when it comes to such issues as fairs, shrines, rituals, kami, Shinto-related spiritual events, major occasions, and key figures within the improvement of Shinto. distinct good points of the publication are its transparent and concise motives of Shinto phrases, its complete insurance of the scale of Shinto, and a religious-studies method of the topic that offers objectively and empathetically with Shinto principles and practices.

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Extra info for A Popular Dictionary of Shinto (Popular Dictionaries of Religion)

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Gongen were a focus of worship and devotion associated particularly with pre-Meiji yamabushi (mountain ascetics) but the yamabushi system was virtually destroyed and gongen given ‘Shintō’ names as part of the shinbutsu bunri campaign. Examples of kami as gongen include Kompira dai-gongen and Akibagongen. Hachiman was regarded as a gongen of Amida Buddha and Tokugawa, Ieyasu as Tōshō-dai-gongen (at Nikkō). Other notable shrines designated as gongen were Atsuta, Yoshino and Kumano. See also gongen-zukuri.

A celebrated hadaka-matsuri is held for example at Enzō-ji Buddhist temple, Fukushima on January 7th. When the temple bell sounds at 8pm semi-naked youths and men swarm up a rope to the roof to attract good fortune for the coming year. At the Oni-jinja, Aomori, youths wearing mawashi make offerings of shimenawa at the shrine on new year’s day. At the Kompira jinja, Akita, participants dressed only in a koshi-mino, grass underskirt, immerse themselves in the river for purification before offering candles and other gifts to the shrine, while at the Chōkoku-ji temple in Nagano the procession includes mikoshi modelled in the form of sacred horses, bales of rice or sake barrels, and the participants jump into the river.

Benefits in this world, as opposed to rewards in the hereafter. Many kami or shrines are credited with the power to grant particular riyaku. Indeed, kami can be seen as specialists in riyaku. See shintoku, mi-itsu. Gion An alternative name for the Yasaka Jinja, Kyōto. It derives from Gion-shōja (Sanskrit: Jetavana-vihara) a monastery built in Koshala (Central India) by the rich merchant Sudatta, said to be the first donated to the Buddhist order. Gion is also a collective term for the purifying deities enshrined in the Yasaka Jinja; Susano-o-no-mikoto, Yasaka-nosume-no-kami (Gion-san) and Inada hime-no-mikoto.

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