By J. Fricke (auth.), Professor Dr. Jochen Fricke (eds.)
This booklet includes the papers provided on the "First foreign Sympo st sium on Aerogels (1 ISA)", held in September 1985 at. the college of Wiirzburg, Fed. Rep. of Germany. It used to be the 1st meet.ing of this type, wit.h members from numerous ecu count.ries, the USA of the United States, Canada, South the USA, and Africa. The assembly was once interdisciplinary, with many of the members being physicists, chemists or fabric scientists ei ther from universities or from business study institutes. permit me try and shed a few mild upon the category of gear the symposium used to be approximately: Aerogels are tremendous porous high-tech fabrics, consisting ei ther of silica, alumina, zirconia, stannic or tungsten oxide or combinations of those oxides. because of their excessive porosity (up t.o 99%!) and t.heir huge internal floor, aerogels function specially energetic catalysts or as catalytic subst.rates, as adsorbents, fillers, reinforcement brokers, pigments and gellifying brokers. Silica aerogels as translucent or obvious superinsulating fillers in window structures may well aid to significantly decrease thermal losses in home windows and to enhance the power stability in passive sunlight platforms. Aerogels even have fas cinating acoustic homes - the sound speed could be as little as a hundred m/s! The creation of aerogels starts off with the managed conversion of a sol right into a gel: the expansion of clusters or polymer chains from a chemical resolution, the cross-linking of those fundamental entities and the formation of a coherent community - nonetheless embedded in a liquid.
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Additional info for Aerogels: Proceedings of the First International Symposium, Würzburg, Fed. Rep. of Germany September 23–25, 1985
V. irradiation (heterogeneous photocatalysis) of paraffins, olefins and alcohols into ketones and aldehydes . In the same experimental conditions,the conversion percentage of a paraffin-like isobutane is higher on the aerogel than on other forms of anatase (xerogel, aerosol). b. 03 aerogels. It is of interest to quote the properties of reduced aerogels of various nickel contents . The textural characteristics of reduced solids are well developed, together with a good dispersion of nickel, at least for the first three catalysts.
M. Astier, A. Bertrand, D. Bianchi, A. Chenard, G. B. J. L. Villemin : "Preparation of catalysts", B. Delmon et al. Eds, Elsevier, Amsterdam 1976, p. 315. A. J. Teichner : Bull. Soc. Chim. France, 1968, 3107. A. J. Teichner : J. Chim. , 65, 1480 (1968). B. A. J. Teichner :-Sull. Soc. Chim. France, 12@, 3988. A. J. Teichner : Bull. Soc. Chim. France, 1968, 4343. B. A. J. Teichner Bull. Soc. Chim. France, 1969, 1466. A. A. J. Teichner : Bull. Soc. Chim. France, 1970, 3384. A. J. Teichner : J. Chim.
2 dried sample. This absorption can be further reduced by heating in air to 400-5000 C. TIle TEOS sample is less transparent between 2600 and 3400 nm but this difference is unimportant for window applications. The difference may be due to adsorbed ethoxy (SiOC 2H 5 ) groups on the aerogel formed during the high-temperature supercritical drying in alcollor but not in the CO 2 drying. 9. Summary and Conclusions Significant progress in improving both the properties and the production process of silica aerogels for insulating windows is reported.