By David Carroll
In those unique readings of Albert Camus' novels, brief tales, and political essays, David Carroll concentrates on Camus' conflicted courting together with his Algerian historical past and unearths vital serious insights into questions of justice, the consequences of colonial oppression, and the lethal cycle of terrorism and counterterrorism that characterised the Algerian battle and maintains to floor within the devastation of postcolonial wars at the present time.
During France's "dirty battle" in Algeria, Camus known as for an finish to the violence perpetrated opposed to civilians by means of either France and the Algerian nationwide Liberation entrance (FLN) and supported the production of a postcolonial, multicultural, and democratic Algeria. His place was once rejected through such a lot of his contemporaries at the Left and has, mockingly, earned him the identify of colonialist sympathizer in addition to the scorn of vital postcolonial critics.
Carroll rescues Camus' paintings from such feedback by way of emphasizing the Algerian dimensions of his literary and philosophical texts and by means of highlighting in his novels and brief tales his figuring out of either the injustice of colonialism and the tragic nature of Algeria's fight for independence. by way of refusing to simply accept that the sacrifice of blameless human lives can ever be justified, even within the pursuit of noble political ambitions, and via rejecting uncomplicated, ideological binaries (West vs. East, Christian vs. Muslim, "us" vs. "them," reliable vs. evil), Camus' paintings bargains an alternative choice to the stark offerings that characterised his stricken occasions and proceed to outline our personal.
"What they did not like, was once the Algerian, in him," Camus wrote of his fictional double in The First Man. not just may still "the Algerian" in Camus be "liked," Carroll argues, however the Algerian dimensions of his literary and political texts represent a vital a part of their carrying on with curiosity. Carroll's studying additionally indicates why Camus' severe viewpoint has a lot to give a contribution to modern debates stemming from the worldwide "war on terror."
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Extra info for Albert Camus the Algerian: Colonialism, Terrorism, Justice
Intellectual responsibility consisted not in taking a position but refusing one where it did not exist” (121). Overall, however, these four critics differ so greatly in their analyses and conclusions that it seems they are not even talking about the same person or the same body of work. 20 The differences among these four critics—two who accuse Camus of being a colonialist apologist and two who defend what each considers to be his resistance to political dogmatism—are in fact symptomatic of the divisions among Camus critics in general, even if the influence of those critics who have treated Camus as a colonialist has in the last decades been far greater than those who have taken the opposite position.
I felt something then that was stirring up the courtroom, and for the first time I understood that I was guilty” (112, trans. mod. ). Because he is feared and loathed as a monstrous Other, the negative of what it is to be French in Algerian colonial society and even the negative of all humanity, he is by definition guilty, no matter what he has actually done. 18 Meursault’s guilt is determined by the same perverse racist logic. “Race,” according to this logic, can be manifested in “biological” traits such as “blood,” the color of skin, the shape of the nose, the texture of hair, and so on, or, as was the case for Barrès and other French nationalists of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, in cultural factors such as religion, language, traditions, customs, and beliefs.
He is judged for his “soul,” dark as it is claimed to be, for his strange “nature” or inner being, more than for his actions. ” It is above all for his threatening alterity, his strange[r]ness, that he dies. indb 33 2/6/07 9:52:58 AM 34 The Place of the Other he is arrested, is usurped. The trial from the start takes place largely in his absence, without his involvement, as if he were a spectator rather than the person on trial. When he is told by his defense lawyer “to shut up” for his own good, he reflects: It seemed somehow as if the whole case was being treated without me.