By Harald Motzki, Everhard Ditters
For a life-time, Kees Versteegh performed a number one function in Arabic linguistics, dialects (diglossia, creolization, pidginization), the heritage of Arabic grammar, and different fields regarding Arabic.
Read Online or Download Approaches to Arabic Linguistics: Presented to Kees Versteegh on the Occasion of His Sixtieth Birthday (Studies in Semitic Languages and Linguistics) PDF
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Additional info for Approaches to Arabic Linguistics: Presented to Kees Versteegh on the Occasion of His Sixtieth Birthday (Studies in Semitic Languages and Linguistics)
Wiesbaden: O. Harrassowitz. 51–65. ’ Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics: Second edition. Editor in chief: Keith Brown. Oxford: Elsevier. I, 434–440. ’ Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics. Leiden: E. J. Brill. I, A-Ed. 544–545. Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics. Leiden: E. J. Brill. General editor (with Mushira Eid, Alaa Elgibali, Manfred Woidich and Andrzej Zaborski). I, A-Ed. ’ (With Mushira Eid, Alaa Elgibal, Manfred Woidich and Andrzej Zaborski. ). Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics.
Although he adopts the traditional division of these operants into two types, lafzˢī (formal; expressed) and maʚnawī (abstract), his interpretation of the ʚawāmil in the light of the speaker’s role redresses the imbalance between the two types in the tradition. 8 This imbalance, of course, predates Jurjānī, and it is interesting to note that Ibn Jinnī’s own master, ʙAbū ʚAlī al-Fārisī (d. 377/987), is reported to have authored a book entitled al-ʚawāmil al-miʙa (Sezgin 1984, 107). , raf ʚ, nasˢb, jarr and jazm, which cover the three nominal types (nominative, accusative and genitive) and the three verbal types (indicative, subjunctive and jussive)—are in reality ( fī l-hˢ aqīqa) produced by the speaker (Xasˢāʙisˢ I:109–110), Ibn Jinnī effectively reduces the traditional divide between lafzˢī and maʚnawī operants merely into a didactic technique that tries to distinguish between ʚamal which is accompanied by an uttered operant and ʚamal which lacks such accompaniment (I:109).
H. 1 1 In his Muqaddima (1081–1084), Ibn Xaldūn (d. 808/1406) praises Sībawayhi’s Kitāb on the grounds that its author did not confine it to the formal rules related to ʙiʚrāb and that it is replete with proverbs and citations from poetry and speech. Those who study the Kitāb are therefore likely to enhance their malaka (natural linguis- 4 ramzi baalbaki One of the most significant aspects of Sībawayhi’s method of grammatical analysis is the pragmatic role he assigns to the speaker (mutakallim), and by extension to the listener (muxātˢab), as part of the social interaction which language represents for him.