By Fatima El-Issawi
This ebook examines the evolution of nationwide Arab media and its interaction with political swap, rather in rising democracies within the context of the Arab uprisings. Investigated from a journalistic standpoint, this examine addresses the position performed via conventional nationwide media in consolidating rising democracies or in exacerbating their fragility inside of new political contexts. additionally analyzed are the methods reporters record approximately politics and alterations of those media industries, drawing at the overseas stories of media in transitional societies. This research builds on a box research led by means of the writer and carried out in the venture “Arab Revolutions: Media Revolutions,” overlaying Libya, Tunisia, and Egypt.
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Additional info for Arab National Media and Political Change: “Recording the Transition”
Org/2013/05/tunisias-press-facesrepressive-laws-uncertain-future/. 10. Fatima El Issawi, “Tunisian Media in Transition”. 11. Decision 161/2011 issued by the first Tunisian interim government. 12. National Authority for the Reform of Information and Communication (INRIC), ‘INRIC Final Report’, April 30, 2012, p. 59, accessed September 10, 2015 (French version). 13. Interview by the author with Tunisian journalist and activist Bechir Ourda, conducted by phone from London, 10 September 2015. 14. These publications are al Hurriya and Le Renouveau.
In the 2000s, the regime yielded to international pressure and allowed a controlled opening of national media. This coincides with the end of United Nations sanctions on Libya in 2003 and the regime’s adoption of limited top-down economic liberalization. 99 The “Al Gad” project, launched by Gaddafi’s son Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, was a major attempt towards the liberalization of national media. Launched in the mid-2000s, the media reforms were one component of a comprehensive project that sought to rebrand the face of the regime and to engage its opponents through an alleged state reform initiative.
51 According to the same law, the council is presided over by the head of the Shura Council, the upper chamber of the Egyptian parliament, and composed of the directors of state-owned publishing houses, the editors-in-chief of state-owned and partisan newspapers, the chair of the journalists’ syndicate, and other syndicate members, academics, legal experts, and public figures appointed by the Shura Council. 52 After the military takeover in July 2013, the Supreme Press Council was dissolved, and interim President Adly Mansour decided to establish a new Supreme Press Council formed by himself and made up of 15 members.