Download Biological Invasions in Marine Ecosystems: Ecological, by Gil Rilov, Jeffrey A. Crooks PDF

By Gil Rilov, Jeffrey A. Crooks

Organic invasions are thought of to be one of many maximum threats to the integrity of such a lot ecosystems in the world. This quantity explores the present country of marine bioinvasions, which were growing to be at an exponential fee over contemporary many years. concentrating on the ecological features of organic invasions, it elucidates different phases of an invasion strategy, beginning with uptake and delivery, via inoculation, institution and at last integration into new ecosystems. uncomplicated ecological thoughts - all within the context of bioinvasions - are coated, comparable to propagule strain, species interactions, phenotypic plasticity, and the significance of biodiversity. The authors method bioinvasions as dangers to the integrity of common groups, but in addition as a device for larger knowing primary ecological strategies. very important points of coping with marine bioinvasions also are mentioned, as are many informative case reviews from worldwide.

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Additional resources for Biological Invasions in Marine Ecosystems: Ecological, Management, and Geographic Perspectives (Ecological Studies)

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2 5 Invasions as a Tool to Study Nature As ecologically disastrous as they can be, however, biological invasions offer a unique opportunity to study fundamental processes in population, community, ecosystem, and evolutionary ecology across many taxonomic groups. It thus attracts the interests of a wide variety of scientists, and can be used as a vehicle for understanding some basic ecological and evolutionary questions (see Sax et al. 2005; Cadotte et al. 2006). We agree with the others who state that the relatively few studies that treat invasion in this way are “but the tip of a large iceberg” of scientific investigation that will grow in the coming decades (Sax et al.

2001) Ascidiella sydneiensis Stimpson, 1855 Australasia Phallusia longitubis Traustedt, 1882 (West Indies) Kott (1998) Ascidia archaia Sluiter, 1890 Indo-West Pacific Ascidia corelloides (Van Name, 1924) (Curacao) Kott (1985); status as introduced to Caribbean herein Ciona intestinalis (Linnaeus, 1767) North Atlantic Ascidia diaphanaea Quoy & Gaimard, 1834 (Australia) Kott (1998) Ciona robusta Hoshino & Tokioka, 1967 (Japan) Kott (1998) Poroalticus sewalli Foster, 1931 (Trinidad) Springer and Gomon (1975) Omobranchus dealmeida Smith, 1949 (Mozambique) Springer and Gomon (1975) Micropterus salmoides (Lacepède, 1802) North America Pikea sericea Fowler, 1938 (Hong Kong) Robins and Böhlke (1960) Hexanematichthys couma (Valenciennes South America 1840) Sciadeichthys walrechti Boeseman, 1954 (specimens washed ashore in Netherlands) Marceniuk and Ferraris (2003) Porphyra carolinensis Coll & Cox, 1977 (Western Atlantic) Broom et al.

In order to help stem the flow of marine invasions, we are beginning to implement ballast water management practices such as open ocean exchange, but realize this is only a partial solution that must be employed until technological advances can be made to help better prevent invasions. When species do invade, drastic management action is sometimes necessary. For example, in order to stop the incipient invasion of an exotic mussel in its tracks, an entire marina in Darwin, Australia, was poisoned with a lethal cocktail of bleach and copper.

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