By Konstantinos Ganias
Apart from being commercially and socially major, anchovies and sardines populations occupy an important positions within the oceans’ ecosystems. Low within the nutrition chain, clupeoids have a tendency in the direction of abundance, as though their function in lifestyles was once to be eaten and gas the higher degrees of marine trophic chains. the current ebook covers a wide spectrum of issues at the biology (sytematics, phylogeography, copy, feeding) and ecology (habitat characterization, recruitment variability) of anchovies and sardines. It additionally places jointly very important details at the nation in their fisheries, exploitation and management.
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Extra info for Biology and Ecology of Sardines and Anchovies
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Illustrations of representatives for familial and subfamilial groups of Clupeoidei. Drawings reproduced from Whitehead (1985a) and Whitehead et al. (1988). which 15 family-level groups are identified forming seven to five major lineages of unresolved positions (Fig. 7). The branching pattern among these lineages is left unresolved in the absence of unambiguous signal. 2. Mitogenomic synapomorphies for family-level clupeoid groups. , position; COI, cytochrome oxidase I gene; COII; cytochrome oxidase II; ND1, NADH dehydrogenase 1; ND2, NADH dehydrogenase 2; ND4, NADH dehydrogenase 4; ND4L, NADH dehydrogenase 4L; ND5, NADH dehydrogenase 5; ATP6, ATP synthase 6; ATP8, ATP synthase 8, Cytb, Cytochrome b.