By James G. Speight, Karuna K. Arjoon
With petroleum-related spills, explosions, and healthiness matters within the headlines virtually each day, the difficulty of remediation of petroleum and petroleum items is taking up expanding value, for the survival of the environment, our planet, and our future. This ebook is the 1st of its variety to discover this tough factor from an engineering and clinical standpoint and supply strategies and moderate classes of motion
Read or Download Bioremediation of Petroleum and Petroleum Products PDF
Similar fossil fuels books
During this publication, the basic wisdom curious about petroleum & gasoline improvement engineering, reminiscent of actual and chemical phenomena, actual tactics and the connection among actual components is roofed. it's prepared into three Sections. part 1 together with bankruptcy 1-4 is to introduce the homes of fluids (gases, hydrocarbon beverages, and aqueous solutions).
Written by means of specialists in combustion know-how, this can be a exact and clean point of view at the present biofuel dialogue, providing the most recent examine during this very important box. The emphasis all through this reference is on functions, business views and economics, targeting new periods of biofuels corresponding to butanols, levulinates, benzenoids and others.
Additional info for Bioremediation of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
Like soil vapor extraction, air sparging uses a vacuum to extract the vapors. , benzene, ethylbenzene, toluene, and xylene [BTEX]), because they readily transfer from the dissolved to the gaseous phase, but is less applicable to diesel fuel and kerosene. When air is pumped underground, the chemicals evaporate faster, which makes them easier to remove. Methane can be used as an amendment to the sparged air to enhance co-metabolism of chlorinated organics. Soil vapor extraction and air sparging are often used at the same time to clean u p both soil and groundwater.
M. 1989. " In Transport and Fate of Contaminants in the Subsurface. EPA/625/4-89/019, Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Laboratory, US Environmental Protection Agency, Ada, Oklahoma. F. 2011. , 216:513-525. W 2009. " Biodegradation, 20: 27-38. US Army Corps of Engineers. 1999. US Army Manual EM1110-2-1424. Chapter 8. pdf. US EPA. 2006. " Report No. EPA/625/R-06/015. Office of Research and Development National Risk Management Research Laboratory, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Technol, 34:187-193. , and Pitea, D. 2005. " Environment International, 31(2): 167-171. , and Patras, L. 1991. S. Sayler, R. W. Blackburn (Editors). Environmental Biotechnology for Waste Treatment. Plenum Press, New York. pp. 91-110. , and Reinhard, M. 2000. " Biodegradation, 11: 159-170. J. 1995. "Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Biodegradation and Kinetics using Cunninghamella echinulatu var. " International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, 35(4): 397-408. R. 2005. " FEMS Microbiol. Ecoi, 51:389-399.