Download Chinese Firms and Technology in the Reform Era (Routledge by Yizheng Shi PDF

By Yizheng Shi

In chinese language agencies and expertise within the Reform period, Yizheng Shi analyses the technological behaviour of country- owned enterprises. specifically he indicates how they've got imported, utilised and assimilated overseas know-how into their operations. the writer argues that regardless of being granted extra autonomy and having to stand elevated pageant, chinese language corporations are nonetheless no longer prompted to assimilate thoroughly imported know-how end result of the absence of good- delineated estate rights.

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Additional resources for Chinese Firms and Technology in the Reform Era (Routledge Studies in the Growth Economies of Asia, 14)

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TRI firms in Guangdong have not been visited. This is mainly because most tape recorder firms in Guangdong are assemblers relocated from Hong Kong to exploit the cheaper labour in the mainland of China, while the focus of the study is the changing technological behaviour of Chinese state enterprises during the reform period rather than a comparison between the two technology transfer channels of foreign direct investment and the arm’s length transaction by state firms. The tape recorder industry in China consists of recorder assembly and major components manufacturing.

Government regulations It is generally agreed that governments have played an important role in economic activities through restricting the property rights of owners of the factors of production (Eggertsson 1990:143–9). Generally, government regulations change the property rights structure to benefit one group of people at the expense of another. Kirzner (1978) analyses the effects of government regulations. He points out that the restrictions of the government on entry of firms into the market and the limitation on profits reduce the possibility that new opportunities will be discovered.

This analytical framework is, of course, highly abstract. The sequential scheme of technology transfer only shows the ‘ideal’ outcome of the process. In reality, it is a far more complicated and iterative process (Tornatzky and Fleischer 1990). Although the scheme shows the improvement of the technological capabilities of recipient firms as the result of technology transfer, it cannot be used mechanically as a ruler to measure the effectiveness of specific technology transfer projects. Furthermore, the institutional environment affects the process of technology transfer in a very complex manner.

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