By Sheila Carapico
Sheila Carapico's booklet on civic participation in smooth Yemen makes a pathbreaking contribution to the research of political tradition in Arabia. the writer strains the complexities of Yemen's background over the last fifty years, contemplating its reaction to the colonial stumble upon and to years of civil unrest. difficult the stereotypical view of conservative Arab Muslim society, she demonstrates how the rustic is actively trying to increase the political, monetary and social buildings of the trendy democratic country. this can be a big publication that gives you to turn into the definitive assertion on twentieth-century Yemen.
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Extra info for Civil Society in Yemen: The Political Economy of Activism in Modern Arabia
Civil society in comparative perspective 15 It is not within the general context of Yemen, then, but rather in more specific historical contexts that we seek to explain the periodic renaissance of activism in the civic sphere. This question is addressed in a general way in the next chapter, through a historical overview of the political economy of twentieth-century Yemen. Specifically, chapter 2 hypothesizes that the space open to civic activism depends on an interrelated cluster of factors: regimes and their power bases, which in turn determine decisions and capacities to suppress, tolerate or co-opt autonomous action; courts, legal systems, policing, and related questions of constitutionalism and the role of various judicial philosophies; public infrastructure, especially in the areas of information and communication, and the related question of who owns, operates, and uses their services; and, finally, economic resources available for various sorts of public-, private-, and voluntary-sector investment.
The People's Democratic Republic of Yemen Of the two cold-war-era Yemeni republics, the PDRY built the stronger state order, one based on a constitution that outlived several regimes. " Special privileges of sultans, sayyids, men, foreigners, and property owners were replaced by universal rights to housing, education, health care, and social security. Authority was vested in a 101-member Supreme Popular Council (Majlis al-Sha'b al-cUlyd) and an eleven-member Presidential Council. Amended once, in 1978 (after the NLF Political Organization became the Yemeni Socialist Party), to replace the Presidential Council with a Presidium and seat them in the now 111-member parliament, this single document did lay out a blueprint for the structure of formal state and ruling party authority.
The North Yemeni imamate North Yemen's semi-feudal, isolationist theocracy, based in a rugged mountainous region, was one of the most backward, remote enclaves in the world. Imams Yahya (r. 1911-48) and his son Ahmad (r. 1948-62) claimed the mantle of the tradition of the Zaydi school of Shi'a Islam which predominates in the north-central Yemeni highlands. Followers of the Shafi'i sect of Sunni Islam, a numerical majority concentrated in the densely cultivated and populated southern uplands and Tihama regions, resented the Zaydi imams' dictates, as did members of the minority Isma'Hi sect.