By Joseph Kostiner
This e-book analyzes 4 major episodes of clash and safety that have affected the Gulf area over the last 3 many years: the Iran-Iraq conflict (1980-1988), which effected the Gulf Cooperation Council from a detailed, neighborly distance; the Iraq-Kuwait battle (1990-1991), which constituted an try and invade the GCC and dispose of one in every of its member states, Kuwait; next makes an attempt to reestablish a local inter-state balance within the Gulf (during the mid-1990s, nearly) and the struggle of Islamic terrorism opposed to Saudi Arabia.
Read Online or Download Conflict and Cooperation in the Gulf Region PDF
Similar middle eastern books
Amin Saikal offers a brand new method of figuring out a quarter that is now on the middle of foreign awareness. driven to the vanguard of worldwide politics by way of the Soviet invasion of 1979, by way of murderous civil conflict within the Nineteen Eighties, after which the institution of the Taliban regime that ended in American intervention following the disaster of September eleventh, Afghanistan's heritage is a sorry one.
From the autumn of the Ottoman Empire during the Arab Spring, this thoroughly revised and up-to-date variation of Mehran Kamrava’s vintage treatise at the making of the modern center East is still crucial studying for college kids and normal readers who are looking to achieve a greater knowing of this diversified sector.
The center East has a poetic checklist stretching again 5 millennia. during this distinctive ebook, prime students draw upon this legacy to discover the ways that poets, from the 3rd millennium BC to the current day, have spoke back to the results of battle. They take care of fabric in a large choice of languages together with Sumerian, Hittite, Akkadian, biblical and glossy Hebrew, and classical and modern Arabic and diversity from the destruction of Ur in 1940 BC to the poetry of Hamas and Hezbollah.
- Captive Society: The Basij Militia and Social Control in Iran
- Beyond Reconstruction in Afghanistan: Lessons from Development Experience
- Syria's Kurds: History, Politics and Society (Routledge Advances in Middle East and Islamic Studies)
- Classical Arabic Stories: An Anthology
Additional resources for Conflict and Cooperation in the Gulf Region
Bani-Sadr was removed as commander-in-chief and exiled from the country. Khomeini then appointed his own military leadership, which allowed Iran to mobilize hundreds of thousands of Revolutionary Guards. A few months later, Iran launched the first of four large ground offensives that would continue into the spring of 1982. Large numbers of casualties were taken on both sides, however, Iran managed to push Iraq out of Iranian territory. Iran employed huge amounts of manpower in these offensives, including its Basij, who were largely untrained religious volunteers.
Its hopes were dashed by developments on the battlefield. After early limited successes, using air strikes as a precursor to a massive ground invasion that occupied a large area of Iranian territory, Iraq found itself fighting a prolonged and plodding war. Iraq’s initial objective to gain control of both banks of the Shatt al-Arab waterway was unsuccessful. Internal strife and a collapse of Iran’s military command and political structure never materialized. A month into the war, the two armies were bogged down in a struggle that would test both ruling regimes.
Soon after, Iran’s Foreign Minister made several statements calling for the destruction of Iraq’s Ba’athist regime. ” Khomeini also encouraged the Iraqi army and people to rebel against their government, stating, “The people and army of Iraq must turn their back on the Ba’ath regime and overthrow it ... because this regime that is attacking Iran ... is _________________________________________________ 35 King, p. 9. ” Khomeini’s rhetoric designed to incite Iraq’s Shi‘is to rebel against its own government was a miscalculation.