By Maarten Bavinck, Lorenzo Pellegrini, Erik Mostert
Inhabitants of bad, rural components within the worldwide South seriously rely on typical assets of their quick region. Conflicts over and exploitation of those assets – if it is water, fish, wooden gasoline, minerals, or land – significantly impact their livelihoods. The individuals to this quantity go away in the back of the polarised debate, formerly surrounding the connection among average assets and clash, who prefer a extra nuanced procedure that permits for a number of reasons at quite a few degrees. The contributions disguise a big selection of assets, geographical contexts (Africa, Asia and Latin America), and clash dynamics. such a lot are of a comparative nature, exploring reports of clash in addition to cooperation in a number of regions.
This quantity unearths its foundation in an cutting edge learn programme with the acronym CoCooN, advised via The Netherlands service provider for clinical learn (NWO/WOTRO) and related to universities and civil society companions in lots of international locations. It provides the conceptual methods adhered to via every one of 7 interdisciplinary initiatives, starting from eco-friendly criminology and political ecology to institutional research, felony pluralism and id politics. the amount may be of curiosity to lecturers and practitioners excited by an realizing of clash in addition to cooperation over traditional resources.
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Additional info for Conflicts over Natural Resources in the Global South: Conceptual Approaches
Similarly, the Caspian Revenue Watch was started by the Open Society Institute (part of the Soros Foundation) and focuses on the investment of revenues from natural resources. These three examples are only an illustration of the existing wide variety of non-governmental actions. Transparency initiatives at company level In this section we give only a few salient examples to illustrate the initatives focused on the corporate world and often initatied by them as well. The OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises agreed to by 33 OECD governments and several non-OECD governments are non-binding recommendations for companies based or operating in their jurisdictions.
2007. Maintenance of International Peace and Security: Natural resources and conflict. Concept paper for the Security Council Open Debate. Biermann, F. 2007. Knowledge for the Sustainability Transition: Earth System Governance as a Crosscutting Theme of Global Change Research. In Human Security and International Insecurity, ed. G. Frerks and B. Klein Goldewijk, 197–217. Wageningen: Wageningen Academic Publishers. Blaikie P. and H. Brookfield (eds). 1987. Land degradation and society. London: Methuen.
It is for this reason that the Dutch Department of Development Cooperation (DGIS) and the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) initiated a collaborative knowledge, research and innovation programme on Conflict and Cooperation over Natural Resources in Developing Countries (CoCooN) that is both focused on science and impact. This chapter is structured as follows. After the introduction we attempt to review and summarise the debates in academia. Then we provide the policy perspective by referring to major initiatives and actions of a variety of supranational organisations, governments, the private sector, and non-governmental organisations.