By Professor Dr. Yuri I. Sorokin (auth.)
Coral reef groups are one of the most intricate, mature and effective ecosystems in the world. Their job ended in the production of mammoth lime buildings. Being super efficient and having the functionality of a strong biofilter, coral reefs play a huge function in worldwide biogeochemical techniques and within the replica of meals assets in tropical marine areas. All points of coral reef technological know-how are coated systematically and at the foundation of a holistic surroundings process. The geological heritage of coral reefs, their geomorphology in addition to biology together with neighborhood constitution of reef biota, their practical features, physiological points, biogeochemical metabolism, strength stability, environmental difficulties and administration of assets are handled in detail.
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Additional resources for Coral Reef Ecology
Largely under the action of waves on the outer windward slope a system of buttresses and channels is formed which actually compose a system of natural wave-brakers, called also the spoor and groove system (Munk and Sargent 1948). Interacting with waves, they dissipate their energy, thus decreasing their destructive stress upon the reef construction and the biota. The degree of development of spoor and groove systems on reefs directly depends upon the wave stress acting upon them (Roberts 1974).
The third part is formed by calcareous microshells of benthic foraminifera and of planktonic coccolithophorids (Mc Kee et al. 1959; Flood 1983). 5mm). The rubble fraction is formed from the dead coral colonies and from the crusts of coralline algae eroded by boring animals and then crushed by surf. The rubble and the sand material are sorted out by surf and currents. Its fractions are resedimented in definite reef zones. The rubble is accumulating mostly on the surface of flats where it forms the ramparts, banks and islands.
As an example, the reefs off the coasts of Florida, Cuba and GBR could be mentioned (Stoddart 1969; Maxwell 1968; Riddle 1988). 7, it can be seen that the lime material of sediments has two main sources of origin. One part (30 to 60%) is formed by the erosion of lime rocks of modern and ancient reef plateaus and of lime skeletons of animals molluscan shells, corals, urchin's needles, etc. This erosion proceeds by the action of the boring, scraping and grazing reef animals, such as boring clams, sponges, worms, coral-eating and periphyton scraping fish and urchins.