By Daniel Byman
Daniel Byman's hard-hitting and articulate ebook is the 1st to review international locations that help terrorist teams. Focusing totally on sponsors from the center East and South Asia, it examines the different sorts of aid that states supply, their motivations, and the influence of such sponsorship. The booklet additionally considers regimes that let terrorists to elevate cash and recruit with no delivering lively aid. The reports of Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Syria, Saudi Arabia and Libya are designated right here, along the histories of radical teams equivalent to al-Qaida, Hizbullah and Hamas.
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Extra resources for Deadly Connections: States that Sponsor Terrorism
Indeed, numerous Arab states have given limited support to the Palestinians to gain prestige and demonstrate their leadership credentials. To gain prestige, states often try to ally themselves to a popular cause, even when they themselves do not endorse the specific objectives of the group. In other words, states support a terrorist group in order to be seen as supporting the cause – the perception is more important than the reality. Nasser, for example, had little respect for the Palestinian movement or its leaders.
Tripoli went from encouraging them to strike to imposing limits on their activities. Eventually, Libya expelled them. The coding, however, does not capture this variance in consistency. Instead, the table highlights the motivation if it was important for any time during the overall period of support. A third caveat when considering the coding above is that it excludes passive support for terrorism. The Saudi relationship with al-Qa’ida, or Americans’ ties to the Provisional Irish Republican Army are not included in the above review of state sponsorship because they do not involve a deliberate government decision to support the group.
Terrorism, after all, is murder. Moreover, terrorist groups often enjoy little support among the publics they purport to represent. Nor are terrorists promising horses to back, as they often have little chance of prevailing, particularly at the beginning of their struggles. Supporting a terrorist group also often carries a heavy price, as the group’s opponents may seek to punish a sponsor. Not surprisingly, many states turn to diplomacy, economic pressure, or even conventional war before embracing terrorism.