Download Diffusion and Reactivity of Solids by James Y. Murdoch, Ying Bai, Khairul Basar, Liquan Chen, PDF

By James Y. Murdoch, Ying Bai, Khairul Basar, Liquan Chen, Loredana De Rogatis

This e-book is dedicated to the physics, chemistry and fabrics technological know-how of diffusion, mass shipping, and reactivity of solids, together with: physics and chemistry of defects in solids; reactions in and on solids, e.g. intercalation, corrosion, oxidation, sintering; and ion delivery measurements, mechanisms and concept.

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The straight stripes correspond to the 2-D layered structure of hexagonal LiCoO2. The bumpy surface demonstrates the formation of thick and rough surface films on the particles. These features are typical of corroded surfaces. Figure 21. Surface morphology of commercial LiCoO2 soaked in EC/DMC solvent. 47,68,69 However, Table 3 and the above spectroscopic studies demonstrate the opposite results: the Al2O3 coating layer on LiCoO2 does not prevent the escape of lithium ions. Rather, the Co/Li atomic ratio in the solid of Al2O3-coated LiCoO2 is even higher than in bare nano-LiCoO2.

Later the dried Al(OH)3-coated LiCoO2 was heated at 500°C for 4 hours. This is expected to dehydrate Al(OH)3 and to obtain dry Al2O3-coated nano-LiCoO2. Transmission electron microscopy analysis indicated that the thickness of the Al2O3 coating layer on nano-LiCoO2 particles was ca. 10 nm. ) Figure 15. Comparison of XRD patterns of commercial and high-energy ball-milled LiCoO2 heattreated at 400°C for 4h in air. 20 Zhaoxiang Wang, Na Liu, Jianyong Liu et al. Transmission electron microscopy analysis indicated that the thickness of the Al2O3 coating layer on nano-LiCoO2 particles was ca.

Bend of SEI;59 CH3 asym. 57 and Yazami58 detected polymer-like substances on carbon negative electrodes respectively. 57 further determined that these substances have repeated oxyethylene units, similar to PEO according to their pyrolysis/GC-MS analysis. These polymeric species are also detected in the current work with characteristic bands around 1120 Surface Modification and its Mechanism for Performance Improvements… 27 and 940cm-1 (Table 2) as strong evidence for the presence of C-O-C structured polymeric substances on the solid,56 in agreement with the observed C-O-C units in the liquid samples by GC-MS and FTIR spectroscopy.

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