By B. Paris
Addressed to all readers of Dostoevsky, in addition to to academics, scholars, and experts, this lucidly-written examine techniques the underground guy, Raskolnikov, and Ivan and Alyosha Karamazov as imagined people whose emotions, behaviors, and concepts are expressions in their personalities and experience. whereas announcing the autonomy of Dostoevsky’s characters, Paris indicates that there's a rigidity among them and the author’s rhetoric and demonstrates that the characters usually break out their illustrative roles. by means of paying shut consciousness to mimetic aspect, this ebook seeks to recuperate Dostoevsky’s mental intuitions and entirely to understand his brilliance in characterization.
Read Online or Download Dostoevsky's Greatest Characters: A New Approach to ''Notes from the Underground'', ''Crime and Punishment'', and ''The Brothers Karamozov'' PDF
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Extra resources for Dostoevsky's Greatest Characters: A New Approach to ''Notes from the Underground'', ''Crime and Punishment'', and ''The Brothers Karamozov''
We shall not know . . what to love and what to hate, what to respect and what to despise” (II, x). ” 34 DOSTOEVSKY’S GREATEST CHARACTERS The underground man says that he is not “justifying himself” by speaking of “all of us,” but he is clearly protecting his pride (II, x). ” They have taken their “cowardice for good sense, and have found comfort in deceiving” themselves, so “perhaps, after all, there is more life” in him than in them. He may be a cripple, but he is better than those he imagines despising him.
II, x). He is so full of rage at the injuries he has received and so entrenched in his defenses against further hurt that he cannot allow himself to reciprocate Liza’s warmth. His encounter with Liza has lingered painfully in his memory not ZVERKOV AND LIZA 31 only because he is so ashamed of the cruelty of his behavior but also because she offered him an opportunity to escape his isolation that he was compelled to reject. His inability to open himself to another human being is the deepest source of his despair.
The need to actualize their idealized image leads them to impose stringent demands and taboos on themselves (Horney calls these “tyrannical shoulds”), to compel them to live up to their grandiose conception of themselves. ” If they obey the demands of one solution, they will be violating the demands of another, so they are bound to hate themselves whatever they do. People often bounce back and forth between various solutions in an effort to appease their contradictory inner dictates. We have already seen this process at work in underground man, and it is dramatized in Dostoevsky’s fiction again and again.