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By Francisco Javier Martinez

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This development serves as a marker for assessing the amount of skills and resources that this culture had developed. In the study of other pre- and protohistoric cultures in other parts of the world, there has been quite a bit of debate among scholars about the possible spread of megalithic cultures from one region to another, even from one continent to another. Colin Renfrew, for instance, has found himself in a dilemma about whether or not to label similar types of contemporary burial structures found in different parts of Europe during megalithic period as “megalithic tombs”:25 It is important, then, to recognize that it is a taxonomic decision of our own which leads us to apply the term ‘megalthic tomb’ to monuments as different as the dysser of Denmark and the passage graves of Almeria.

30 Whatever their construction methods, it is evident from these structures that not only did these communities believed in afterlife but also that they venerated their dead and spent a lot of time and energy to build structures that were far superior to their homes. ”31 But here “demons” refer to souls who become active during the night and wander about unless they are provided with secured abodes. ” For, it was unnecessary to expend so much effort and to employ so many skilled people to build these relatively large and well-constructed monuments unless it was really their intention to venerate or placate their dead, and not just to provide for their welfare in the afterlife.

Yet, the architectural complexity and the skill involved in constructing these monuments suggest that there may have been additional motivations at work. It is well known that many tribal societies in India built special structures in specific places that they revered as sacred. This was certainly the case in early historic Andhra culture. Some of the megalithic structures in Andhra have served as precursors to Buddhist st¶pas not only in their shape, plan, and constructional methods, but also in the manner in which we can see a deliberated selection of given natural spaces for their constructions.

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