By Keith Clement
This quantity includes precise info and overview of incentives and coverage tools on hand inside Europe to motivate solid perform, and of the way to accomplish environmental achieve in neighborhood monetary programmes. It describes a suitable technique for securing more desirable environmental profit and explores the opportunity of attaining nearby environmental competitiveness. There are insights in line with large overseas comparative event of programme evaluate.
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Additional resources for Economic Development and Environmental Gain: European Environmental Integration and Regional Competitiveness
In such circumstances, the commission may referthe matter 34 ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT A N D ENVIRONMENTAL GAIN back to thecourt with the recommendation that the Member State be fined a penalty payment. The decisionon whether to imposea fine, and the level of the fine, lies within the discretion of the court (Johnson and Corcelle, 1995, p485). European Commission The commission is the EU executive, essentiallythe European civil service. Based in Brussels, it has 16,000 staff in 24 different Directorates-General (DGs), eachof which isheaded by a director-general.
40 ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT A N D ENVIRONMENTALG A I N State of the Environment Reporting In 1995, the European Environment Agency published Europe’s Environment: the Dobris Assessment. This major survey - the result of more than three years’ work - had been requested at the conference of environment ministers at Dobris Castle, near Prague, in 1991. Its goals were to adopt a comprehensive view of the European environment, to provide a basis for effective measures, strategies and policies to address environmental problems nationally and regionally, and to inform the public and raise awareness about the common responsibility for the environment.
Lastly, the invention, innovationand diffusion of new clean (or cleaner) technologies is perceived as essential to improve environmental and economic performance. This represents a technological imperative within ecological modernization, designed to decouple economic development and negative environmental impact. In order to integrate these four themes, an evaluative methodology is required that will estimate a country’s capacity to incorporate ecological modernization and assess its ability to shift toan environmentally benign development path (Janicke, 1992).