Download Efficiency and Sustainability in Biofuel Production: by Barnabas Gikonyo PDF

By Barnabas Gikonyo

This name contains a variety of Open entry chapters.

The world's curiosity in lowering petroleum use has ended in the fast improvement of the biofuel during the last decade or so. despite the fact that, there's expanding obstacle over how present food-based biofuels have an effect on either meals protection and the surroundings. Second-generation biofuels, despite the fact that, use commonly to be had resources similar to non-food lignocellulosic-based biomass and fat, oils, and greases. They make functional attention of ways land use can at the same time help either the world's foodstuff wishes and a few of its power needs.

This quantity consolidates probably the most fresh investigations into those concerns. The chapters concentrate on those different types of study:

  • The difficulties at the moment attached with biofuels on the subject of land use and the environment
  • Investigations into the possibility of land use to be controlled extra successfully and sustainably
  • Research that makes a speciality of new and constructing innovations for second-generation biofuels

This quantity is usually recommended for all biofuel researchers, from the PhD pupil to the skilled scientist. It additionally bargains a necessary origin to someone drawn to how biofuels relate to the way forward for our world.

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Additional resources for Efficiency and Sustainability in Biofuel Production: Environmental and Land-Use Research

Example text

28. ISO. 2006b. ISO Norm 14044: Environmental management-life cycle assessmentrequirements and guidelines. 29. Kim S, Dale BE. 2011. Indirect land use change for biofuels: Testing predictions and improving analytical methodologies. Biomass and Bioenergy 35: 3235−3240. 30. Kløverpris J, Wenzel H, Nielsen PH. 2008. Life cycle inventory modeling of land use induced by crop consumption. Part 1: conceptual analysis and methodological proposal. Int. J. Life Cycle Assess. 13: 13–21. 31. Laborde D. 2011, Assessing the land use change consequences of European biofuel policies.

It aimed at assessing the impacts (expressed as a dLUC + iLUC factor) of the forecast biofuel consumption patterns of the 27 member States of the EU in 2020 based on their respective National Renewable Energy Action Plans. Only first generation biofuels were considered. Table 1 lists the dLUC + iLUC factors obtained for different biodiesel pathways in two situations (without and with trade liberalization). Several LUC studies were published in 2010 and 2011 by the Joint Research Centre of the EU (JRC).

Estimated ethanol recovery for corn stover was 327 L Mg−1 which was similar to other findings [29]. For switchgrass, ethanol recovery based on glucan, xylose, and arabinose concentrations was estimated to be 311 L Mg−1 and 344 L Mg−1 for an August harvest and a post-frost harvest, respectively. Ethanol plant size capacity was estimated to be 189 million L yr−1 for the corn grain-only and cellulosic-only scenarios. For the co-located facility, total plant size was assumed to be 378 million L yr−1 capacity.

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