By Edward L. Miles, Steinar Andresen, Elaine M. Carlin, Jon Birger Skjærseth, Arild Underdal, Jørgen Wettestad
This ebook examines why a few overseas environmental regimes be successful whereas others fail. Confronting idea with facts, and mixing qualitative and quantitative research, it compares fourteen case reviews of foreign regimes. It considers what effectiveness in a regime might seem like, what components could give a contribution to effectiveness, and the way to degree the variables. It determines that environmental regimes really do higher than the collective version of the booklet predicts. The potent regimes tested contain the top of Dumping within the North Sea, Sea Dumping of Low-Level Radioactive Waste, administration of Tuna Fisheries within the Pacific, and the Vienna conference and Montreal Protocol on Ozone Layer Depletion. Mixed-performance regimes contain Land-Based toxins regulate within the North Sea, the conference on Long-Range Transboundary pollution, satellite tv for pc Telecommunication, and administration of excessive Seas Salmon within the North Pacific. useless regimes are the Mediterranean motion Plan, Oil pollutants from Ships at Sea, foreign alternate in Endangered Species, the foreign Whaling fee, and the conference for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine residing assets.
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Extra resources for Environmental Regime Effectiveness: Confronting Theory with Evidence (Global Environmental Accord: Strategies for Sustainability and Institutional Innovation)
As we demonstrate in chapter 15, the score that we give to the IWC depends critically on which of these values we choose as the basis for our evaluation. The most important lessons to be drawn here seem to be that we should be explicit about the choices we make and should realize that scores obtained by using different evaluation metrics cannot be used interchangeably—at least not without a critical examination of compatibility. How Do We, in Operational Terms, Attribute a Certain Score to a Regime?
4 Coordinated planning combined with national implementation only. Includes centralized appraisal of effectiveness. 5 Coordination through fully integrated planning and implementation, with centralized appraisal of effectiveness. 1, we treat level of collaboration as an intervening variable. More specifically, we assume that level of collaboration is affected by problem malignancy and the problem-solving capacity of the system that established the regime4 but also—in turn—that it makes a positive, albeit modest, contribution to effectiveness.
Against Which Standard Is the Regime to Be Evaluated? Defining an evaluation standard involves at least two main steps. One is to determine the point of reference against which actual achievement is to be compared. The other is to decide on a standard metric of measurement. 2). One is the hypothetical state of affairs that would have come about had the regime not existed. 5 This is clearly the notion we have in mind when considering whether and to what extent a regime matters. The other option is to evaluate a regime against some concept of a good or ideal solution.