By E. B. Gareth Jones
Marine fungi play an immense function in marine and mangrove ecosystems. knowing how better fungi with their spectrum of cellulolytic and ligninolytic enzymes degrade wooden tissue, whereas labyrinthuloids and thraustochytrids extra give a contribution to the dissolved natural subject coming into the open ocean is key to marine ecology. This paintings offers an summary of marine fungi together with morphology and ultrastructure, phylogeny, biogeography and biodiversity. more and more, biotechnology can be turning to those organisms to boost new bioactive compounds and to deal with difficulties corresponding to decomposition of fabrics within the ocean and bioremediation of oil spills. those power functions of marine fungi also are handled. within the mild of big marine oil spills long ago years, the significance of figuring out marine fungi and their function within the foodstuff chain can't be underestimated.
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Marine fungi play a massive function in marine and mangrove ecosystems. figuring out how better fungi with their spectrum of cellulolytic and ligninolytic enzymes degrade wooden tissue, whereas labyrinthuloids and thraustochytrids extra give a contribution to the dissolved natural subject coming into the open ocean is key to marine ecology.
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Additional info for Marine Fungi and Fungal-like Organisms
2007; 111:1145–1168. Gueidan C, Savíc S, Thüs H, Roux C, Tibell L, Prieto M, Heiëmarsson S, Breuss O, Orange A, Fröberg L, Wynns A, Navarro-Rosinés P, Krzewicka B, Pykälä J, Grube K, Lutzoni F. Generic classiﬁcation of the Verrucariaceae (Ascomycota) based on molecular and morphological evidence: recent progress and remaining challenges. Taxon 2009; 58:184–208. Hambleton S, Sigler L. Meliniomyces, a new anamorph for root-associated fungi with phylogenetic afﬁnities to Rhizoscyphus ericae (=Hymenoscyphus ericecae), Leotiomycetes.
2006; 110:527–536. Landvik S, Shaile NFJ, Eriksson OE. SSU rDNA sequence support for a close relationship between the Elaphomycetales and the Eurotiales and Onygenales. Mycoscience 1996; 37:237–241. Leuchtmann A. Über Phaeosphaeria Miyake und andere bitunicate Ascomyceten nit mehrfach querseptierten ascospores. Sydowia 1984; 37:75–194. Lindemuth R, Wirtz N, Lumbsch HT. Phylogenetic analysis of nuclear and mitochondrial rDNA sequences supports the view that loculoascomycetes (Ascomycota) are not monophyletic.
In this chapter, major lineages of marine Dothideomycetes – already with sequence data supporting their phylogeny – will be introduced and discussed, with particular emphasis on new families within the Pleosporales (Suetrong et al. 2009, 2011b; Zhang et al. 2011). Dothideomycetidae Fourteen genera are assigned to this subclass, but the taxonomic position of only a few species is resolved including Mycosphaerella eurypotami and Scirrhia annulata, while the position of Heleiosa barbatula is unresolved, as it did not cluster with any other taxon, and forming a sister group to the Dothideales and Capnodiales clades with weak support (Suetrong et al.