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In 2001 the obligation to offer shared access was implemented. Long run incremental costs. 700 794 (March 2002) Greece Unbundling came into effect on 1 January 2001. Prices for full unbundled loops as well as shared access are based on LRAIC methodology using current costs. 93 Hungary Unbundling came into force on 1 July 2001 and the first reference unbundling offer was accepted in 2002. From 2002 full unbundling and shared access available. Individual approvals using the fully distributed cost methodology in 2002 and from 2003 a long run incremental cost methodology.

Line sharing mandated in January 2001. Bitstream access available since 2000. Based on historic costs, and as of 1 January 2003 on LRAIC. 41 321 (December 2001) Finland Implemented in 1997. France Available from 1 January 2001. Includes raw copper unbundling and line sharing. Long run incremental costs. 500 Germany The incumbent has been obliged to offer access to the local loop since 1998. In 2001 the obligation to offer shared access was implemented. Long run incremental costs. 700 794 (March 2002) Greece Unbundling came into effect on 1 January 2001.

If the operator has been designated as having significant market power then charges must be cost-justified. Italy Yes for the two operators deemed as having significant market power. The regulator has set a price ceiling on the two notified operators. Yes. Non-discriminatory rules apply to operators with significant market power. Japan Operators with significant market power are obliged to publish interconnection tariffs that indicate termination rates. Termination rates are commercially agreed between carriers.

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