Download The Mind at Work by W. T. Singleton PDF

By W. T. Singleton

Masking the mental points of ergonomics, this quantity areas massive emphasis at the radical alterations in paintings practices over the last two decades influenced by way of excessive know-how platforms and computerization. Ergonomics is a multidisciplinary job involved almost always with humans at paintings, but in addition with different human useful actions resembling warfare, activities, video games and relaxation. the target of ergonomics is to make those actions more desirable and more secure via employing verified ideas of anatomy, body structure and psychology. including Singleton's past quantity, The physique at paintings, this e-book varieties a complete textbook of ergonomics. this can be a worthwhile textual content for undergraduate and graduate scholars of psychology, body structure, administration, social sciences, engineering, commercial layout, machine technology and data expertise.

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The Mind at Work

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Technological decisions necessarily dominate the design of the system in the sense of how the collective task of transforming inputs into outputs is achieved. Nevertheless, the social system which integrates the activities of the workers and provides theflexibilityfor relating separate tasks to the needs of the production system as a whole must be considered. Hence the concept of the socio-technical system where technical and social requirements are harmonised into one effective organisation. The organisation, like a living organism, maintains a dynamic equilibrium with the environment.

One would expect self-selected leisure activities to be different from and complementary to those at work. For example, the manual labourer is unlikely to take up an energetic hobby such as cycling and he is likely to spend his holidays relaxing at the seaside rather than walking in the mountains. The young office worker in a safe sedentary job may well take up rock-climbing as a dangerous, physically exacting antidote for the dull occupational part of his life. Although it would be convenient scientifically and sometimes personally to regard work as a separable part of a human life this separation is never entirely valid and can be misleading.

There is no such ambiguity about a skills analysis which is always person-orientated and not just system-orientated. This confusion of terms obscures even further the difficult technical problems of moving from a task description to a skill description. The task description should emerge logically from the system design and more particularly from the allocation of functions. There is no such deductive way of getting at the skill description. This can only be done by studying operators. There are two problems in analysing tasks: one is to acquire the evidence on which to base the task description, the other is to record what has been found out in a way such that other people, notably the interface designers and the personnel specialists, can use it effectively to assist in their work.

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