By John E. Fa
Within the face of ever-declining biodiversity, zoos have an enormous position to play in species conservation. Written by means of pros considering in-situ conservation and recovery tasks across the world, this can be a severe review of the contribution of zoos to species conservation via facts accrued from quite a lot of assets. the 1st half outlines the biodiversity context during which zoos should still function, introducing the origins and international unfold of zoos and exploring animal assortment composition. the second one half specializes in the elemental components of protecting achievable captive animal populations. It considers the implications of captivity on animals, the genetics of captive populations and the functionality of zoos in captive breeding. the ultimate half examines ways that zoos could make an important distinction to conservation now and sooner or later. Bridging the space among natural technology and utilized conservation, this can be an awesome source for either conservation biologists and zoo execs.
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Additional info for Zoo Conservation Biology
Using this approach, Heywood & Stuart (1992), estimated that 450 bird species will be committed to extinction by 2015, with 27 of these already probably extinct. 11 Why conserve biodiversity? There are two good reasons for conserving biological diversity. The first is moral: it is right to do so. , 1990). The fundamental social, ethical, cultural and economic values of biological resources have been recognised in most human disciplines, from religion to science. Given these multiple values it is not surprising that most cultures accept the importance of conservation.
Despite this, and in order to compete for the attention of government decision-makers worldwide, policies regarding the protection of biological diversity must embrace economic values. , 2010). There is a multiplicity of ways of assessing the value of biological resources. Economists, in particular, have tried several approaches but problems arise when applying a common formula to the myriad resources used by humans. A forest’s value in terms of logs would be measured differently from its value for recreation purposes or for watershed protection.
The logic behind protecting these areas is that the greater the number of endemic species in a region, the more biodiversity is lost if that region vanishes. Because of the differences in emphasis on irreplaceability or vulnerability, resulting priority maps may cover less than one-tenth of the globe or more than a third of the earth’s land surface. , 2001). , 2000). Despite the general congruence that may exist between the nine main global approaches, organisations may wish to promote their particular slant to endorse their ‘unique selling point’.