By Samir Amin
This quantity makes a speciality of an initiative, initially introduced by way of the eu Union in Barcelona, to place its kin with Arab nations of the Mediterranean (and Gulf) areas on a brand new footing of equality and together worthwhile cooperation. the amount offers a close empirical account of the initiative in addition to an traditionally contextualized, intellectually severe and politically perceptive research of a number of the realities impacting in this initiative. one of many stumbling blocks pointed out are the overriding and economically destructive effect of globalized capitalism, and the decision of the USA to impose its personal hegemonic political goals at the center jap area.
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Additional info for Europe and the Arab World Patterns and Prospects for the New Relationship
The discourse on ‘grassroots action’ remains a discourse. It is not surprising, therefore, that those concerned behave like ‘clients’, a fact that only reinforces the nepotistic attitudes of those in charge. Such attitudes promote the ‘depoliticization’ of the people involved, their hostility to politics (such as practised in the relationships between associations, or between the state and the associations). They can only reproduce the authoritarian populist traditions that political Islam has taken over.
Alas, it is true that Palestinian leaders can be reproached for not behaving like exemplary militants, administering public property without deriving the least proﬁt for personal use. But then could the Authority survive without such monopolies? It is actually because the Palestinian people are opposed to the Bantustan project that Israel decided to denounce the Oslo Accords, of which it had dictated the terms, with a view to substituting for them the use of military violence and nothing else. War criminal Ariel Sharon’s provocation on the al-Aqsa Mosque in 1998 (with the support of the then Labour Party government, which provided him with tanks), the triumphant election of this same criminal as head of the Israeli government (and the collaboration of ‘doves’ such as Shimon Peres in the cabinet) are therefore the root causes of the second intifada, still in progress.
In the pre-modern societies of Europe, as in the Islamic world, churches or the Islamic institution assumed major responsibilities, for example in the education and health sectors. To this effect, religious institutions had their own funds (almost ﬁscal returns). The same applied to the corporate bodies, through which technological knowledge was transmitted. The secularization of the modern European state and expansion of marketable services did not necessarily blot out this role of the churches.