Download Matters of Exchange: Commerce, Medicine, and Science in the by Harold J. Cook PDF

By Harold J. Cook

During this wide-ranging and stimulating e-book, a number one authority at the historical past of drugs and technological know-how offers convincing proof that Dutch commerce—not religion—inspired the increase of technological know-how within the 16th and 17th centuries. Harold J. cook dinner scrutinizes a wealth of historic records in relation to the research of drugs and typical heritage within the Netherlands and somewhere else in Europe, Brazil, South Africa, and Asia in this period, and his conclusions are clean and intriguing. He uncovers direct hyperlinks among the increase of alternate and trade within the Dutch Empire and the flourishing of medical investigation.Cook argues that undertaking trade replaced the deliberating Dutch electorate, resulting in a brand new emphasis on such values as objectivity, accumulation, and outline. The choice for exact details that followed the increase of trade additionally laid the basis for the increase of technological know-how globally, at any place the Dutch engaged in alternate. drugs and normal historical past have been primary points of this new technological know-how, as mirrored within the improvement of gardens for either excitement and botanical learn, anatomical theaters, interest cupboards, and richly illustrated books approximately nature. Sweeping in scope and unique in its insights, this ebook revises earlier understandings of the historical past of technological know-how and concepts.

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It did not have direct practical use in treating disease (except to a few surgeons); its usefulness was indirect, helping to explain why bodily events happened as they did. 119 If, then, physicians were to be known for exploring the truth rigorously, wherever it took them, they would have to examine the body, even if it engaged them in a potentially cruel practice. Such arrangements were not merely utilitarian: they were spurred on by great and growing public excitement about new anatomical studies.

Common sailors and soldiers would bring back anything they could stuff, along with their bedding and clothing, in their duffel bags. 88 Captains and senior merchants had the use of a small room and whatever could fit in it. Clearly, small and light items of high value would bring the most profit. Senior employees might have the means to trade in noble metals and jewelry, but even sailors might be able to bring back a few exotic items of naturalia, or a small amount of medicine and spice, for a tidy little profit.

Famous authors like Galen argued that the ordinary functioning of the human body, as well as its abnormal or diseased expressions, were rooted in various aspects of the body, making it important to know the parts in order to know about normal and abnormal physiology. Anatomy made it possible to understand the functions of the observable parts, to assess their relationships with each other and, supplemented by reason, to probe into the causes of things. It did not have direct practical use in treating disease (except to a few surgeons); its usefulness was indirect, helping to explain why bodily events happened as they did.

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