Download Philosophy for linguists: an introduction by Siobhan Chapman PDF

By Siobhan Chapman

Philosophy for Linguists presents scholars with a transparent, concise creation to the most themes within the philosophy of language. targeting what scholars of linguistics want to know and the way philosophy pertains to sleek linguistics, the publication is based round key branches of the sphere: semantics, pragmatics, and language acquisition. Assuming no earlier wisdom of philosophy, Siobhan Chapman lines the historical past and improvement of principles within the philosophy of language and descriptions the contributions of particular philosophers. The booklet is extremely available and student-oriented and comprises: a common advent and introductions to every bankruptcy a number of examples and quotations accomplished feedback for extra analyzing an in depth thesaurus of linguistic phrases.

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34) Gus likes to think that he is a bit of a boy. Now it certainly seems to be the case that 33) could be true while 34), in which an apparently synonymous expression has been substituted, could be false. Lad and boy are not intensionally equivalent because one has associations which the other lacks. And indeed, once we consider the extensions of the words, the exact set of individuals they could be used to refer to, we would probably be reluctant to agree that they have exactly the same extensional meaning either.

Russell claims in his Autobiography, published in 1967, that it was while he was in prison during the First World War that his interest in meaning developed. Certainly it was there that he wrote the manuscript which was published after the war in 1919 as Introduction to Mathematical Philosophy. Bertrand Russell was the first to use the now-familiar term definite description for phrases such as the father of Socrates, the evening star, and so on. 11 They are introduced by what is known in linguistics as the definite article, and it is this which introduces the idea of ‘uniqueness’.

Mill distinguishes between ‘general’ and ‘individual’ names. The former are words which can be applied to an indefinitely large class of objects, while the latter can each be applied to only one individual, as is the case with proper names: Thus man is capable to being truly affirmed of John, George, Mary, and other persons without assignable limit; and it is affirmed of all of them in the same sense; for the word man expresses certain qualities, and when we predicate it of those persons, we assert that they all posess these qualities.

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