Download Rome and the enemy : imperial strategy in the principate by Susan P. Mattern PDF

By Susan P. Mattern

How did the Romans construct and continue probably the most strong and reliable empires within the historical past of the area? This illuminating ebook attracts at the literature, particularly the historiography, composed by way of the contributors of the elite who performed Roman international affairs. From this proof, Susan P. Mattern reevaluates the roots, motivations, and targets of Roman imperial overseas coverage particularly as that coverage regarding conflict. In a tremendous reinterpretation of the resources, Rome and the Enemy indicates that recommendations of nationwide honor, fierce pageant for prestige, and revenge drove Roman overseas coverage, and although assorted from the hugely rationalizing techniques usually attributed to the Romans, dictated styles of reaction that remained constant over centuries.

Mattern reconstructs the area view of the Roman decision-makers, the emperors, and the elite from which they drew their advisers. She discusses Roman conceptions of geography, approach, economics, and the effect of conventional Roman values at the behavior of army campaigns. She indicates that those leaders have been extra strongly prompted by means of a conventional, stereotyped conception of the enemy and a force to avenge insults to their nationwide honor than by means of strategies of defensible borders. in reality, the will to implement a picture of Roman energy was once an incredible coverage aim in the back of lots of their such a lot brutal and competitive campaigns.

Rome and the Enemy presents a desirable check out the Roman brain as well as a compelling reexamination of Roman conceptions of conflict and nationwide honor. The ensuing photograph creates a brand new realizing of Rome's lengthy mastery of the Mediterranean global.

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On the title of imperator, see below, chap. 5, n. 115. 25. See Cass. 5 –7 on Gallus’ boasting, exile, and suicide; ILS 8995 for his ostentatious record of achievements; and PIR II, C1369. See also Suet. Aug. 1–2 and Syme 1939, 309 –310. 26 Nevertheless, provincial governors still acted autonomously to some degree, as in the case of Petronius, another prefect of Egypt. He carried out extensive retaliatory operations against the queen of Meroë in Ethiopia, capturing and burning cities, refusing embassies, enslaving natives, and leaving a garrison at Premnis.

Birley 1992, 14 n. 53, for full bibliography) and E. Birley (1954) argued for a class of viri militares or military specialists whose careers were characterized by a rapid advancement to the consulship and a military emphasis in their praetorian careers, notably command of a legion and of an armed praetorian province. The main outlines of this view were endorsed by Eck in his very influential article (1974); but Eck’s scheme also has much in common with the rather different argument of Alföldy (1977; summarized in English in 1976).

Lucian Alex. 27; Fronto Principia historiae 16 (Loeb 2 :215); Cass. 1; Angeli Bertinelli 1976, 25 –26; Birley 1987, 123 –124. 45. See Halfmann 1986, 94 –101, on the rank of those attested as the emperor’s comites; after the Julio-Claudians these are always equites or senators (usually senators). 46. See Tac. Ann. 25, cited above, on Nero’s advisers (again, primores civitatis); Cass. 3, where Marcus confers semper cum optimatibus, always with the best men. 47. , 69 – 83; cf. Tacitus’ comment in Ann.

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