By Peter Winch
This booklet examines the non secular, social, and political considered Simone Weil within the context of the rigorous philosophical considering out of which it grew. It additionally explores illuminating parallels among those rules and ideas that have been concurrently being constructed through Ludwig Wittgenstein. Simone Weil built a belief of the relation among humans and nature which made it tricky for her to give an explanation for mutual knowing and justice. Her wrestling with this trouble coincided with a substantial sprucing of her spiritual sensibility, and resulted in a brand new idea of the normal and social orders concerning a supernatural size, during which the strategies of attractiveness and justice are paramount. Professor Winch presents a clean point of view at the entire span of Simone Weil's paintings, and discusses the basic problems of tracing the dividing line among philosophy and faith.
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Extra info for Simone Weil: ''The Just Balance'' (Modern European Philosophy)
I shall now discuss more schematically some of the other points she makes against the attempt to base thought on sensations. I think it will be evident that these further points are intimately related to the difficulties about the relation of sensations to time. From one point of view the claim that we can only think about sensations in a temporal context may be seen as a special case, or application, of the general thesis that sensations can be understood as making a contribution to thought only in so far as they are seen as (essentially) standing in certain relations to each other and to other things.
But that must mean that what I mean by "now" in this context cannot involve any contrast with past or future. For if such a contrast were in question, then I should indeed be involved, now at the present moment, in an immediate relation with some other time of the sort which the argument claims to show to be impossible. Of course normally, when we speak of what is the case "now" or "at the present moment," a contrast with what was or will be the case is implied. " That is, the dry spell is over; or: we shall have to wait till the rain stops if we don't want to get wet.
Today it is the knowledge that I retain as a result of that confrontation. " A crucial part of the road that leads over the brink is the idea that my present knowledge is part of my present state of consciousness on the basis of which I judge as I do. That is to treat the situation as on a par, say, with some sensation, like an itch, which I am experiencing at the present moment and which warrants me in judging that there is a source of irritation at a particular point on my body. The distortion involved in thinking of the matter in this way is of course an aspect of what Wittgenstein so relentlessly criticized in the later Philosophical Investigations: the idea that such epistemologically central words as "know," "understand," "remember," "intend" designate so-called mental states.